‘Most chronic cases occur through mother to child transmission’

Elsie Appiah-Osei/William Fiabu, GNA

Accra, July 28, GNA –
Dr Philip Nyinaku, the Project Coordinator of the Forces Liver Health
Protection Project (FLiHP), has advocated the early screening of chronic
diseases to enable people to know their status.

He said about 2.5
million people, representing a prevalence rate of eight per cent in Ghana, have
Hepatitis B, adding; “This has necessitated the exercise we are having today
with the Ghana Armed Forces and by extension the whole community,” he said.

Dr Nyinaku was
speaking to the Ghana News Agency during a screening exercise launched at the
37 Military Hospital as part of activities to celebrate the World Hepatitis

He said 500 people
would be screened at the end of the exercise.       

The day, which is
marked every year on July 28, is an opportunity to add momentum to all efforts
to implement the World Health Organisation’s first global health sector
strategy on viral hepatitis for 2016-2021, and help member states to achieve
the final goal to eliminate hepatitis.

Hepatitis B is caused
by a Hepatitis B virus and can be acquired through the sharing of needles with
an infected person, getting a tattoo or piercing with tools that were not
sterilized, as well as the sharing of personal items like razors or toothbrushes
with an infected person.

Hepatitis B infects
the liver, which can have short or long term effects. 

Babies and young
children infected with the virus are more likely to get chronic hepatitis B.

Some of the symptoms
are flu, tiredness, abdominal discomfort, fever, poor appetite, nausea and
vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhoea.

Others might include;
dark yellow urine, light coloured stools, yellowish eyes and skin.

As long as one has the
virus, he or she can spread it to others, especially having unprotected sex
with an infected person and contact with the blood and body fluids of an
infected person.


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