Ghana Malaria Indicator Survey report for 2016 launched

By Hafsa
Obeng, GNA

Accra, July 27, GNA – The 2016 Ghana Malaria
Indicator Survey (GMIS) report was on Thursday launched with the call on
government and stakeholders to utilise it in the formation of policies and
programmes associated with malaria.

The report which was collated by the Ghana
Statistical Service and the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) would
help in appreciating the progress or otherwise made in the fight against
malaria in Ghana.

Mr Baah Wadieh, Acting Government
Statistician, said the survey contains a number of indicators including,
malaria prevention practices, and care seeking for fever for children under age
five , prevalence of malaria among children five -59 months and prevalence of
low haemoglobin among children 56-59 months

Other indicators of the survey are the use of
treated and untreated mosquito nets, use drugs for malaria prevention during
pregnancy among women 15-49, use of antimalarial drugs for treatment of fever
among children 6-59 months, and malaria knowledge and messages.

He said the survey, the first of its kind, was
also to inform policy makers and programme managers in evaluating and designing
programmes and strategies to improve malaria control.

He said the GMIS data collection commenced in
October 2016 and ended in December 2016, with 12 teams of interviewers and
supervisors travelling throughout the country, visiting about 6,000 households,
interviewing over 5,000 women and testing about 3,080 children for anaemia and

Mr Wadieh said according to the survey, the
national malaria prevalence among children six to 59 months had decreased from
27 per cent to 21 per cent from 2014 GDHS to 2016 GMIS.

“The survey results also showed that malaria
prevalence among children varies widely throughout the administrative regions
of Ghana, ranging from five per cent in Greater Accra to as high as of 30 per
cent in Central and 31 per cent in the Eastern Region.

“Rural children are also more than twice as
likely to be infected with malaria as urban children.”

He said: “It is our hope that we will all
study this report very carefully and use the information to guide our planning
and interventions programs associated with malaria in Ghana.

Dr Keziah Malm, Acting Programmes Manager,
NMCP said malaria remains a public health concern in Ghana and occurred every
year with varying transmission intensity throughout the year, and children
under five and pregnant women are the most vulnerable.

She said much progress had been made over the
years in managing the disease, saying records shows a demonstrate reduction in
malaria mortality from 3,882 in the year 2010 to 1,264 in 2016, translating
into 67 percent reduction.

Dr Malm said the overall goal of the NMCP is
to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality by 75 percent by the year 2020, using
2012 as a baseline.

She said the enthusiasm and momentum exist for
moving globally towards eliminating and possible eradication in some countries,
but in    

Ghana it is believed that such ambitious
effort needs to be sustained for the duration of the control effort and require
substantial research base.

She noted that the report among other things
is expected to reveal possible areas for further research.

Mr Peter Takyi Peprah, Project Co-ordinator,
2016 GMIS said the nationwide survey was conducted in 93 urban and 107 rural
clusters, comprising 30 households per cluster.

Women from 15 to 49 years and children from
six to 59 months in 6000 households were selected.

He said the survey adopted two type of
questionnaires, the household and women questionnaires, adding that biomarkers
were also used.

He noted that 72 field staff, including 15
biomarker technicians were sent onto the field to collect data, adding that the
response rate for both methodology was 99 percent representing an overwhelming

“In total, 6,003 households were selected, but
5, 841 were interviewed. Out of the 5,186 eligible women, 5,150 were

He said other issues captured by the report
include drinking water sources, sanitation, specifically toilet facilities
literacy rate, health insurance coverage, malaria prevention strategies among


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